by. Dr. Eko Agus Subagio, Sp. BS - Spine (Tulang Belakang), Dokter Saraf Kecetit
15 August 2014

What are the causes Potential For Neck Pain Neck pain or neck pain can be caused by injury jaringanlunak, including muscles, ligaments, intervertebral discs and nerves, or bones and joints of the spine (vertebrae). The neck is very sensitive to pain. The neck is designed to be able to move freely. However, with extraordinary design, the neck can be damaged due to the aging process, and stretching excessive arthrithis Causes of neck pain / pain other leherantara: Muscle tension. If the neck muscles are overused, can cause tension. The neck muscles can tense with daily activities such as driving or reading too long in bed. Over time, repetitive strain on these muscles can result in chronic pain. Lying down with a bad posture for long periods of time is a common condition that causes tension in the neck muscles.


Because the neck is so flexible and support the weight of the head, this part is very prone to injury. Some injuries, mainly derived from motor vehicle accidents, may result in whiplash. Injury that occurs when the head forward and backward disentakan can stretch or tear the soft tissues (such as muscles and ligaments) neck, akibatnyaterjadi injury and pain. Severe injury can lead to a fracture or dislocation of the neck, which may damage the spinal cord and cause paralysis. The injury may lead to the tendency of facet joint arthropathy.


The joints of the neck tend akanmemburuk with age, it causes arthritis. Patients with a history of whiplash is riskier occurred arthritis in their neck when they ripen. The forms of arthritis in the neck that may cause neck pain or in other places, among others:

*Osteoarthritis. Occurs in people who are older, caused by erosion (wear) of the joints between the bones of the neck. It causes pain to spread to the shoulder or between the shoulder bones. Pain is usually present in the morning, less at noon and then again at night.

*Rheumatoid arthritis. Chronic disease with stiffness and inflammatory conditions of the joints, weakness, loss of mobility (movement) and deformity (deformity). It can cause damage to the joints of the neck.

*Ankylosing spondylitis. Most types of arthritis that affects the spine (spine). In particular this disorder begin daripunggung bottom and can progress to the upper back and neck.

Diseases disc.

Just as the problems with the lumbar spine and thoracic spine can cause back pain, problems with the cervical spine can cause neck pain: Pinched nerve. When a person's age, the intervertebral discs that serve as cushions between the vertebrae of the spine begins to dry. This narrows the spaces in the spinal column where the nerves come out, and put pressure on the spinal nerves. Degenerative disc disease. Discs deteriorate and presses on nerves. Disc herniation (herniated disc). Intervertebral discs sometimes tear or rupture, which means the center of the gelatinous (gelatinous) protruding through a layer of solid discs. Cervical stenosis. Narrowing of the spinal canal which clamp the bone marrow. When a person's age, the intervertebral discs begin to dry up, reducing their role as a shock absorber-absorber to protect the spinal cord (spinal cord). Degenerative changes in the spine can also foster the growth of bone spurs are pressing the nerve roots. Finally, the bones and ligaments in the spine gradually thicken and become less flexible. All of these changes narrow the spinal canal. The symptoms associated with cervical stenosis, including neck pain, numbness and weakness of the hands, inability to walk fast, deterioration of motor skills are refined and muscle spasms in the legs.


Neck pain associated with headaches and fever may be a sign of meningitis, an infection of the membranes surrounding the brain. Extreme stiffness in the neck are difficult or impossible to touch the chin to the chest may be a sign of meningitis and requires immediate medical attention. Encephalitis. Inflammation of the brain. Symptoms may include stiffness or pain in the back or neck.


A chronic disease characterized by musculoskeletal aches, pain and stiffness, sensitivity of soft tissues, fatigue and sleep disturbances. Neck pain is among the symptoms commonly associated with fibromyalgia.

Myofascial pain syndrome.

Chronic musculoskeletal conditions are often associated with trauma, poor posture, sitting at a computer or perform repetitive tasks associated with a person's job. Patients often report feeling pain in various parts of the body including the neck and may have trouble sleeping.

Polymyalgia rheumatica.

Inflammatory condition typified by pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulders and hips. Myositis. A group of conditions that inflamed muscle. Myositis is typically overwrite the areas close to the trunk (torso), such as the neck, shoulders and hips.


Bone-thinning disease most common in women during and after menopause. There are no symptoms in the early stages, but in advanced stages of osteoporosis can cause fractures spine that may cause back pain or neck.

Paget's disease.

Metabolic bone disease that involves bone destruction and regrowth that causes deformity (deformity). The cause of this disease is unknown, but it often results in neck pain.

Breasts were large and heavy.

Women with large breasts often experience pain in the upper neck, which is usually caused by increased pressure on the muscles. Some choose to have surgery to reduce the size of the breasts and relieve the pain of the neck, shoulders and back.

Other conditions.

In the rare cases, neck pain is a result of other medical illnesses such as cancer, infections or congenital anomalies (birth defects) of the vertebrae. Neck pain may also are symptoms of a heart attack.

Surabaya Spine Clinic

Klinik Tulang Belakang

Siloam Hospitals Surabaya

Surabaya, East Java Indonesia

Hotline (+62) 0822 3322 7788

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